“An evaluation of the Sea-Band in alleviating nausea and vomiting in patients receiving chemotherapy”
Department of Medical Oncology University of Southampton
PURPOSE: To assess by means of a single blind cross-over model if acupressure by Sea-Band on Wrist point (active) versus acupressure on an ankle point (sham) reduces nausea and vomiting in patients receiving chemotherapy. METHOD: Patients receiving chemotherapy at the RSH Hospital were asked to participate in the study during their next two treatments. For one treatment they wore the bands on both wrists continuously for seven days, recording symptoms on an identical diary card. After wearing the bands at both sites, each patient filled in a questionnaire for preference of ankle and wrist treatment. The ankle and wrist treatment were randomised. All patients received standard pharmacological anti-emetics as required throughout the study. RESULTS: 53 patients entered the study; 38 patients completed the study, 15 patients withdrew for various reasons. From the questionnaires of the patients completing the study, 54% found P6 provided better control of nausea and vomiting, 17% found the sham ankle point provided better control and 29 % found no difference between the points. The diary cards showed similar results [ significant at p < 0.05], during which P6 acupressure had a consistently better effect than shame ankle acupressure between days 1 and 4 of wearing the Sea-Band for controlling vomiting, nausea, mood and overall condition in the high emetic intensity chemotherapy group. CONCLUSION: P6 acupressure is a good method to complement conventional anti-emetic treatment in people having chemotherapy, particularly in the high emetic intensity group. It is recommended that it should be included into a standard anti-emetic protocol for chemotherapy, subject to further work on it.